About Indonesia


A quick Introduction to Indonesia

Indonesians refer to their homeland as Tanah Air Kita, which means "Our Land and Water." This refers to its geographical makeup consisting of 17,508 islands with a total land mass of 1.91 million square kilometers connected by six seas covering more than 3 million square kilometers. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world extending some 2,000 kilometers from North to South and more than 5,000 kilometers from East to West. The archipelago stretches over more than one-tenth of the Equator between Southeast Asia and Australia.

The largest islands are the Kalimantan provinces on Borneo, Sumatra, Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Sulawesi and Java (where Jakarta is located).

Nearly 60 percent of Indonesia's land is forested and a significant portion is mountainous and volcanic. Some mountains on Sumatra and Papua (Irian Jaya) exceed 3,000 meters in height. Mt. Merapi, near Yogyakarta, is regarded as the most volatile of Indonesia's 500 volcanoes, 129 of which are still active. Java alone has 112 volcanoes. Centuries of volcanic activity has led to high degree of soil fertility on Java and Bali, which accounts in part for the high concentration of agriculture and people on these two islands.

Largest Cities

Jakarta, with a population of over 9.5 million, Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Surakarta (Solo), Medan, Padang, Palembang, Ujung Pandang, Banjarmasin, Bandar Lampung and Manado.


Mostly equatorial. Temperatures range between 16-35 degrees Celsius (61-91 degrees F) with humidity ranging from 60-90 percent. There are two seasons, the rainy monsoon season which usually lasts from November through May, followed by the dry season which usually lasts from June through October. Rainfall varies throughout Indonesia, averaging 706 mm (28 inches) yearly.


West Java

Central Java


East Java


This page is based on data from the very resourceful website Living in Indonesia, which has also the copyrights for all materials found on this specific page. Visit their web site for more background information on any aspects about visiting or living in this beautiful country.


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